Category Archives: Release

Lithotherapy Techniques

Lithotherapy Techniques

The stones are usually heated up in the sun or in hot water before the massageEvery stone was attributed with certain healing properties since antiquity. How can one use the energy of the stone to improve their health? First, you should purchase an adequate crystal. It can be a jewelry piece (such as a ring or pendant), a pyramid, cylinders or a massage ball.

But what is the most effective work of the mineral? The answer is easy. The product should arouse positive emotions when you take it in your hand. This is enough to guarantee the positive outcome of the treatment.

You should stop using a stone if it leaves you indifferent or causes negative emotions despite the fact that it was chosen especially for you. Medical procedures carried out with this stone will be totally useless.

If a stone was carved or put into any jewelry piece, talisman or amulet, it is the easiest to use. It’s enough to wear it and sometimes wash off the negative energy accumulated in it with running water.

You need to remember about the so-called “habituation effect”, when a product is gradually losing its curative effect until it seems to have none. Physiologists explain it with the fact that the nervous system stops responding to the constant weak stimuli when it gets used to them.

It is recommended to communicate with your gemstone pendant or ring so that it never stops heartening you and doesn’t lose its healing properties. For example, you can silently talk to it once a day. Remember the answer of the stone, i.e. a positive feeling that the amulet will bring you. Thus, it will be easier to adjust to the stone next time and feel the energy emanating from it.

Another lithotherapy technique is massaging the palms with stone balls. As a human palm has a lot of biologically active points, such kind of massage is quite helpful. Rolling stone balls in your hands for 10-15 minutes will have a beneficial effect on your health and mood.

You can purchase small massage balls made of healing minerals at specialty shops. Their impact is gentle and smooth, and there are hardly any contraindications.

Pyramids are useful during meditation sessionsBesides these stone balls, lithotherapy practices using pebble-shaped minerals. They are rolled on the body in a clockwise direction massaging the area that hurts or the area where the diseased organ is located. The stones are usually heated up in the sun or in hot water before the massage and rinsed when the massage session is over.

Pyramids made of minerals like agate, aventurine, cacholong or nephrite, are put to good use in lithotherapy. They are applied during meditation sessions. A pyramid held in cupped hands comes as an energy channel connecting the man and the whole Universe.

Cylinders-harmonizers have a beneficial psychotherapeutic effect on people. They are a pair of cylinders, one of which is made of a mineral bearing the Yang energy and the other is made of a mineral that has the Yin energy. Working with such minerals is particularly good for people recovering from serious diseases, severe mental or exercise stress.



Zultanite Christals – Gemstones Advisor

Zultanite Christals

Zultanite is usually a yellow gemstone with color change.

Zultanite christals belong to the group of oxides.

Composition: aluminium oxide hydroxide, AlO(OH)
Zultanite crystals are usually thin and lamellar.Zultanite

The gemstone was first discovered in 1801 in the Urals (Russia). It has many names, the name “diaspore” comes from the Greek word “disperse”, because some samples when heated crack easily disintegrating into smaller particles.
It is one of the components of the ochreous bauxite. It is mined in Turkey (Anatolia) as a gemstone bearing the name of “zultanite”.
This gemstone features a rare phenomenon of color change at different lighting: it is pale green or yellow in the daylight and it acquires the shades of pink in the artificial light.
There is also a kind of zultanite christals featuring iridescence, the so-called “cat’s eye”.

Mining Sites

Zultanite christals are mined in South Africa, the United States (Arizona, Pennsylvania), New Zealand, Brazil, Argentina Russia, England and China. But the most of the valuable stones, the color-changers, come from Turkey.
Use in Jewelry

The kind of this precious stone known as zultanite is faceted to emphasize the color change effect depending on the light.
The stones displaying a pronounced color change effect are extremely rare.
Cleaning and Precautions

The stone is fragile because of its easy lamellar tearing

Similar Gems: Alexandrite, grossularite.

Zultanite Christals in Lithotherapy

As its shades, the stone symbolizes delicacy, tranquility, relaxation, placid rest. The stone promotes mental and intellectual evolvement, fosters ambitions. It balances emotions and logical thinking. On the top chakra, it promotes fine art creativity, elaboration of innovative ideas and boundless thoughts. On the solar plexus, it also affects the mind, facilitates realistic reflection, and opens the mind to the new directions. On the root chakra, it supports the roots, reminds of the material world, arranging priorities in the business and controlling the thoughts.


Zultanite: Turkish Color Changer

Zultanite: Turkish Color Changer

Zultanite is a relatively new addition to the gemstone world. One of the few natural color change gemstones, like alexandrite.

In rare cases a cat’s eye effect can be seen in zultanite. An amazing example of rough and cut zultanite can be found at the bottom of this page.

What is Zultanite?

Zultanite is the gem quality variant of the mineral diaspore, which was first found in 1801 in the Ural mountains in Russia. It is an extremely rare gemstone and only mined in a single location in Turkey.

The zultanite gemstone displays light green colors under natural light, while displaying pinkish colors under candlelight.

However unlike alexandrite which only displays two colors (green and red) zultanite can display a large range of earthen colors. From yellow to pink and reddish colors, they are all a possibility.

Chatoyancy or cat’s eye effect is another valued property, showing a band of light in the middle of the gemstone. Currently this is the only color change gemstone that has this effect.

Zultanite is a high quality gemstone that is usually eye clean, has a hardness of around 7 on Mohs scale of hardness and its colors will usually be intensified when set in metal. Which makes this gemstone an excellent choice for jewelry.

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How to Take Care of Zultanite

As always, physical labor is not recommended, though zultanite does not chip easily, it is still a possibility. It is fairly easy to care for, here are a two easy tips to keep it in good shape:

  • Warm water, some soap and a soft brush should be enough to clean this gemstone, some diluted jewelry cleaner can be used if needed.
  • Dry it with a soft cloth afterwards before storing it away from other gemstones. Why? Because zultanite can still be scratched by even harder gemstones such as sapphires or diamonds.

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Zultanite Buying Guide

The most important property for zultanite prices is its color change, the higher the contrast between the two colors the better. This color change is more prominent in larger stones, unfortunately however, sizes above 3 carats are almost never found and usually make their way into designer jewelry.

Most zultanite is at least eye-clean. Make sure you can’t see inclusions before buying, because it will have a large effect on the look of the stone and its color change effect. If you’re going to buy zultanite that is not eye-clean make sure you are getting a large discount.

No gemstone enhancements are currently performed, as the company responsible for the exploitation of zultanite is only selling it as a natural gemstone. Keep in mind though that treating a gemstone is always a possibility, as some dealers can (and eventually will) use gemstone treatments to increase their bottom-line. Synthetic zultanite does not currently exist. Most likely because the market is fairly small and color change gemstones are notoriously hard to synthesize.

Important!: Make sure you are buying zultanite (gem quality diaspore) and not regular diaspore. While regular diaspore does display the color change it is not a gem quality mineral. Loose diaspore should be selling for around $50 per carat. However, zultanite is usually sold for between $500 and $1000 per carat. For exceptionally large zultanite stones the price per carat will be far higher than that.

Though quite expensive, it is actually far cheaper than for example diamonds. While at the same time it is far more rare and exclusive. The only drawback is that it is not as suitable for engagement rings or jewelry that you want to wear daily. Though for normal use its durability is more than sufficient.

Hopefully this gemstone will be found in other places making it more available on the market. However even at today’s prices this magnificent color change gemstone is well worth it. Simply take a look below and you will see why!


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Zultanite Video

Below is a video of an antique cut zultanite gemstone. This is a very high quality stone and the color changes are very visible. Keep in mind though that this is a promotional video and so the conditions were perfect for this video-shoot. So don’t expect your own zultanite to be quite as sparkly as it looks below, but it won’t be that far off!

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Wolframite – Gemstones Advisor


The magical properties of wolframite are quite powerfulWolframite was named in such a way because it is the main source of tungsten (wolfram). Other names of the mineral and its variants include ferberite and hubnerite.

Wolframite often has impurities of such rare earth metals as magnesium, zinc, thallium, niobium, and others. The mineral can be colored in dark brown coming near to black, or reddish-brown. Its luster is submetallic. The hardness makes up 5.0-5.5, and the density is 7.0-7.5 g/cm3. The main deposits of the stone are located in Russia, England, Germany, Portugal, Burma (Myanmar), and Bolivia.

Healing Properties

Lithotherapists state that apart from the fact that the stone doesn’t have any healing properties, wearing it constantly can cause serious diseases. Therefore, you should not make or wear any works of this mineral by any account.

Magical Properties

The magical properties of wolframite are quite powerful. It enhances one’s stamina, and makes one’s mind deep, sober and agile as well. However, it is quite dangerous to use these properties. The stone can bring the mind of its owner under control and make him or her do whatever it likes.

wolframite attracts profit, success, and good luck You shouldn’t keep the mineral at home, much less wear it. If you want to use the aforesaid qualities of wolframite, it should be remembered that the best place for the stone is a garden (a loggia or a balcony as a last resort). Outside of one’s dwelling site, wolframite will miss communication with them and will readily help its owner when he or she decides to use its properties.

In addition, you should use the power of the stone no more than twice a week, particularly before starting a venture you planned. The boost will help you make the right choice, avoid possible flops, and make the right decision right away.

Wolframite is contraindicated for the fire and air signs, as it will quickly become their master. Yet, the mineral will become a great power supplier for the Earth (Capricorn, Taurus, Virgo) and water (Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces) signs.

As a talisman, wolframite attracts profit, success, and good luck in gambling and business to its owner. It is still shouldn’t be kept in one’s living quarters.


Yellow Gemstones and Orange Gemstones

Yellow Gemstones and Orange Gemstones

There are a large number of orange and yellow gemstones, including chalcedony, zircon, citrine, sapphire, topaz and garnet.’However this post is focused on just a’small selection from a large list of orange or yellow gemstones.

They range from extremely expensive to very affordable. So everyone can find orange or yellow gemstones to their liking. Whether they are looking for gemstone jewelry, healing gemstones or just building a collection.

The meanings of gemstone colors differ between cultures. However yellow and orange gemstones are often associated with power, creativity and healing.

Orange gemstones yellow gemstones

Fire Opal a Mexican Treasure

A beautiful gemstone that is mostly found in Mexico. Unsurprisingly it is now their national gemstone.

In ancient times it was associated with love and passion.? Nowadays they are frequently used in gemstone therapy. Where they bring stamina, courage and energy to the user.

However you should be careful with these gemstones. Even though they are hard to scratch, they can become dull when they come in contact with cosmetics. If you do have a dull fire opal there’s no need to worry though. They can be polished again to show their former luster.

Garnet Rare And Expensive

The garnet is a gemstone that has been used in jewelry since the Bronze Age. It can be found in many different colors and one of the rarest colors is orange, which is called a hessonite.

The rarity of the orange’color’can make a larger garnet very expensive. It’s historically associated with success in business and cleansing and purification of the body. In gemstone therapy they are used for inflammation of the skin and curing depression.

Tiger’s Eye

Tiger’s eye is a so-called chatoyant gemstone, which means the gemstone shines with a silky luster. Usually a tiger’s eye is golden to red-brown. With layers that alternate between colors. This stone is mined in many gemstone producing countries. Most mining however is concentrated in South Africa and East Asia.

Synthesizing tigers eye has largely been unsuccessful. Most imitations are hardly comparable to the natural tiger’s eye gemstone. This includes’the often used fiberoptic glass.’Because of this most of these gemstones that are found on the market today are natural gemstones.

Citrine Beautiful Yet Affordable

Perhaps better known under the name of ‘gold topaz’. Even though they are not in fact a topaz but a quartz gemstone. Most of the citrine found in stores nowadays are not actually real citrine, but treated amethysts or smoky quartz. These gemstones color changes to orange or yellow when heated.

Only a trained professional can actually see the difference between a treated amethyst and a real citrine. The good thing is that this has made citrine gemstones a very affordable gemtone while remaining just as beautiful! Miraculous abilities were once attributed to this precious stone. Just to name a few: protection from fear, sadness, anger and even unexpected death!

Zoisite – Gemstones Advisor


Zoisite This stone was named after Sigmund Zois, a philanthropist with the title of Baron von Edelstein. He equipped and sent many geologists to prospection and exploration geological expeditions.

Zoisite is a silicate of complex structure, which incorporates aluminum and calcium. It occurs in light brown, green, azure, aquamarine, blue, marsh, light brown, brown, transparent-green color.

Rare species of zoisite having pink color that is due to manganese ions were found in Norway. This stone was named thulite. Thulite was also found in countries such as the USA, South Africa and Australia. This stone bears some resemblance to rhodonite. All varieties of zoisite have gleaming glass shine and have uneven fracture.

ZoisiteZoisite Healing Properties

Healing Propertiesof zoisite are characterized by all those features that are common to all green minerals. Experts believe that this stone can be a wonderful tool for the prevention of heart and blood vessels diseases. The mineral helps to normalize blood pressure, relieves headaches and migraines, helps to alleviate the patient’s condition at colds.

Chinese practce considers that zoisite affects the heart chakra.

ZoisiteZoisite Magical Properties

The magical properties of zoisite used for making amulets, which can improve family relationships. A human figure made of this stone will help save peace in the family. This amulet should be stored at home, in a secret place, away from the sight of the others which can deprive the stone of its power.

Zoisite favors no specific zodiac sign, but it will definitely not harm any. A ring with zoisite can attract happiness and love. However, the magical effect of the stone does not occur at once, so the magicians recommend young people to wear it with the view of a mature age.



What Color is Coral?

What Color is Coral?

Most people instantly think of an’orangey-red color when they get asked ‘what color is coral”.

Because many people remember it from when red coral was popular in the 70’s and 80’s. However coral can be found in almost any color you can imagine.

Natural coral comes in a large variety of colors: red, orange, pink, blue, white and black. Discoloration further increases the number of colors naturally available.

Dyed coral can of course be any color you want, though most people prefer a natural color.

The most common natural colors are listed below with additional information on rarity and other interesting facts.

What Color is Coral’

Red coralwhat color is coral

Red or orange coral is still the most popular coral color and has been for centuries. It is particularly popular in more traditional communities, fishing villages for example.

Red coral is becoming increasingly rare because of the large demand for high quality coral. The harvesting rate unfortunately is far greater than the natural growth of coral.

Black coral

Despite its name black coral can have amazing colors. As the name refers to the dark brown to black color of its skeleton, not the overal color. Black coral is very rare and is on many lists of endangered species. It is the state gemstone of Hawaii.

White coral

White coral is quite common and is mostly used in beads or put on display in its raw form. Large amounts of white coral is dyed to improve its looks or imitate more expensive coral varieties.

Pink coral

Most coral that is sold as pink coral is simply a faded red color, not an intense deep pink color. Because of this it is quite cheap and is large amounts are sold to tourists every year. Salmon pink coral usually is worth more, owing to its rarity and better looks.

Blue coral

The only coral that grows in a massive form instead of the usual skeletal corals. It can often be seen in aquariums as the color is unusual and it can grow under circumstances other corals would die in. It is used in gemstone jewelry though it has to compete with more suitable gemstones like azurite and lapis lazuli, which makes blue coral jewelry not a common sight.

As mentioned before coral exists in many other natural colors and hues.’Prices range from very affordable to quite expensive for rare varieties, such as high quality red coral. Which gives you a wide range of options if you are interested in coral gemstones or jewelry.

Wire Wrapping: Free Beginner's Guide – Gemstones Advisor

Wire Wrapping: Free Beginner’s Guide

Have you ever wanted to make your own jewelry using gemstones by hand? While you can purchase beautiful gemstone jewelry in a jewelry store, there is nothing that can match the originality and imagination of jewelry made by hand.

Read this thorough beginners guide to wire wrapping and start making your own beautiful jewelry in no-time!

To make it easier to digest we have divided the guide into 7 parts. Feel free to skip to the parts you are most interested in!

What Is Wire Wrapping’Wire wrapped Lapis Lazuli pendant

If you have always wanted to make jewelry yourself, but you do not have access to a forge or soldering tools, one of the simplest and most fun techniques you can learn is wire wrapping.

Wire wrapping allows you to set precious and semi-precious gemstones into simple or elaborate metal frameworks made out of copper, silver, gold, and other materials. You can get started for about $30.

Wire wrapping is actually one of the oldest techniques used in the crafting of handmade jewelry. The technique goes back thousands of years, probably in part because it is so affordable and easy to learn. All you need to get started is a coil of wire, and two pairs of pliers: one for cutting, the other for bending. With those three things, you can make pendants, bracelets, necklaces, head pieces, and more.

How does it work’

The wire used in wire wrapping can vary in hardness and strength, but in general, it is quite flexible and can easily be bent by hand into various shapes and patterns. When doing particularly challenging or precise work, you may find the round-nose pliers helpful. The cutters are of course used for cutting the wire down to the size you need to work with and for removing loose ends.

There are many different techniques that have been developed for wire wrapping. Many wire-wrap artists follow a very orderly method for wrapping a gemstone which involves taking several pieces of wire, wrapping them together into a single, wide band using a smaller gauge wire, and then looping that wide band around a gemstone. The round-nose pliers are then used to pull one of the wires on each side out just slightly to support and lock in the stone so it will not fall out the back or the front.

Other wire wrappers take a more chaotic free-style approach, allowing their imaginations and their sense of aesthetic balance to guide their hands. With this approach, wrappers developer an intuitive sense for structural integrity, and ensure that a stone will not fall out by carefully closing all possible loopholes.

There is no single right or wrong way to wire wrap, which is one of the reasons it is such a popular approach. Literally anyone can learn how to wire wrap who has the patience and imagination to apply themselves to the art. Each artist develops his or her own unique style, and while wire wrapping involves similar materials and techniques, it is often possible to instantly identify the stylistic marks of a particular jeweler.

Wire wrapping is also a popular craft because it can be very relaxing and soothing. Working with your hands gives you a wonderful creative outlet which is not too demanding on your body or mind. At the same time, it requires some focus, so it can be very meditative. Most artisan crafts require a significant upfront investment in order to get started, but not wire wrapping. If you’re interested in making jewelry, it is well worth having a go. This method for making jewelry is affordable, simple, fun, and provides you with endless creative possibilities.

In the next installment of our series, I will teach you a little bit about the history of wire wrapping. I will then teach you about basic supplies that you will need to get started and the different types of wire which are out there. Following that, you will learn about good stones and other materials to wrap, and what you can make with wire wrapping. I will finish up by discussing some basic techniques in detail and point you in the direction of some tutorials.

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History of Wire WrappingRose quartz wire wrapped pendant

Maybe you were browsing online or in a store which sells jewelry by local artisans and you discovered a pendant with a beautiful gemstone set inside a framework of flowing wire. If so, you may have been startled by the beauty and artistry that can emerge from something as simple as wire.

After all, when most of us think of wire, our first thoughts are of hardware utilities or circuitry. But spools of high-quality craft wire can also be used to make beautiful and elaborate designs for gemstones. The finish result can look as magnificent as anything made using the application of solder and heat.

Wire wrapping has only recently surged into popularity. This is in part because of the growth of e-commerce. Thanks to handcraft websites like Etsy, a lot more sellers of handmade jewelry are able to get their products out there to customers around the world. And since wire wrapping is affordable and easy to learn, it is a popular technique for private artisans. This shouldn’t mislead you into thinking that wire wrapping is in any way new, however. It is actually one of the most ancient jewelry crafting techniques in the world.

Ancient Wire Wrapping

Some of the oldest wire wrap jewelry which has ever been discovered has been found in Egyptian and Phoenician tombs. Some of these pieces date back as much as 5,000 years. Other jewelry discovered in the cemetery of Ur dates back to the Sumerian Dynasty around 2,000 BC. Ancient Roman wire-wrapped jewelry has also been found dating back 2,000 years from today.

Back when these ancient wire-wrap pieces were created, there was no such thing as soldering. As such, wire wrapping was developed as a necessity. It made it possible for elaborate and beautiful pieces to be developed by ancient artisans who literally did not have access to the kinds of tools we have available today.

One tool that was available was called a ‘drawplate.? The drawplate is a simple metal plate with a number of holes in it shaped to different gauges (diameters). Annealed (softened) metal rods could be drawn through the drawplate in order to create lengths of wire with specific shapes and sizes.

Round wire is most common, but you can also find square wire, triangular wire, and so on. Metal drawplates date back to at least 6th century Persia. In the Middle Ages, they were used to create the wire which was used in the creation of chain-mail armor.

20th Century Examples

Probably the most famous person to bring wire wrapping back to the masses in the early 20th century was an artisan named Mr. C.G. Oxley. Oxley was an English businessman who ran a business called C.G. Oxley & Co. in Somerset. Oxley employed a number of veterans from the first World War at his business. In his studio, they created wire-wrapped jewelry as occupation therapy.

Oxley’s workshop was a popular place to visit, and his jewelry took off as well, to the point where it ended up showing up in department stores around England. In the 1950s, another businessman named Jim Llewellin took over the store after Oxley passed away. He brought the wire-wrapping business to Canada, where it took off again.

Why Can’t I Buy This Stuff at a Department Store’

You may be wondering why you rarely if ever find examples of wire wrapping in any department store. The reason is that the jewelry you purchase at the department store, while often expensive to buy, is cheap and fast to manufacture. It is usually factory made by machines, not human beings. Molded components are easy to reproduce quickly, cheaply, and identically. As a result, large jewelry manufacturers avoid handmade techniques in favor of fast, easy profits.

Modern Resurgence

A lot of people love to craft for the same reason that Oxley was able to make use of it as a form of occupational therapy for veterans at his company. It is relaxing, creative, and therapeutic. A lot of people now sell their jewelry online since the internet provides more geographic reach for their creations. As a result, buyers are discovering the splendor of jewelry crafted by hand with ancient techniques and beautiful gemstones.

If you learn to wire wrap, you will be participating in the resurgence of an ancient tradition of craftsmanship, and bringing some true imagination into the world. Like Oxley’s veterans, you will probably find it a therapeutic and uplifting outlet for your own creativity.

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Types of Wire and SuppliesCathedral Wings Wire Wrap Pendant Carnelian

Now that you’ve read up on the basics of wire wrapping and some of the history of this wonderful craft, perhaps you are feeling ready to try your own hand at it. What kinds of supplies do you need? Happily, this is one of the few crafts you can get started on with a very minimal budget.

You can purchase everything you need to make your first wire wrapped pieces of wearable art for about $35.00. That includes pliers, wire, and beads to work with. Let’s talk about the basic supplies, their costs, and what each of them is used for.


You are going to need two pliers to wire wrap effectively. One pair is used for cutting, and the other is used for wrapping the wire around.

  • Needle-nose pliers. A small pair of needle-nose jewelry pliers will cost you around $10 to $15. These pliers have a comfortable grip and come to a very small point at the end. With these pliers, you can pull wire through loops that you cannot reach with your fingers, as well as do other wrapping tasks that require a little more force than you can exert by yourself. You will probably still do most of your wrapping without them, but they are an indispensable supply.
  • Side-cutting pliers. These pliers should also cost you around $10 to $15. This type of pliers is very small, like the needle nose pliers, and has a comfortable grip. The side-cutter jaws allow you to make a nice clean cut through your wire. These pliers are strong enough even to cut steel wire. The box joint construction of side cutting pliers keeps the jaws aligned to keep the cut line even.


Wire is probably the most complex aspect of supply shopping for wire wrapping. There are a lot of different types of wire which are appropriate for wire wrapping. Let’s break down the different materials, gauges, and strengths of wire so that you understand what you are looking at when you are shopping.


Many different materials can be used for wire. The most common is copper. Copper may be plated with silver or gold, or coated with a color (red, blue, green, purple, black, etc.). Copper is the least expensive type of wire you will find. You may also find steel, brass, nickel, silver, gold, and other materials. Each material has its own unique characteristics which change the wrapping experience. Brass for example is very springy, which can make it challenging to work with.


Wire comes in different shapes and sizes. Most wire is round, but you may also find square wire and other shapes (square wire has edges and corners, whereas round wire is the typical smooth, cylindrical wire you are probably used to seeing). The size of a wire is called its gauge, and refers to its thickness. Very thick wire is tough to bend but will hold its shape beautifully. Very fine wire is extremely easy to bend, but will not hold shape well. It is great for embellishing pieces and holding things together. Medium gauges are ideal for most work. You will probably want to buy several gauges when you get started. Here are some common ranges for gauges:

  • 16-18 gauge: These gauges are pretty thick and hard to bend, but hold shape well. Great for wire sculpture or for creating strong frameworks for pendants, bracelets, or other pieces that require strong structural stability.
  • 20-22 gauge wire: These medium gauges are great for most applications. They can create reasonably strong frameworks, and may be useful for some embellishments.
  • 24-26 gauge wire: These two gauges are great for fine, detail work, and embellishment.

Recommended gauges for beginners: I recommend purchasing a spool of 20-gauge wire and a spool of 26-gauge wire. The 20-gauge is your ‘go-to? gauge for most projects. It is the most versatile, useful gauge for the majority of purposes. The 26-gauge wire spool will serve you well for embellishments.


One more aspect of wire to be aware of is its strength. Regardless of the main material used in wire (many wire spools are made of alloys), the strength may vary. Wire is usually broken down into three strength categories:

  • Hard wire. This type is hardest to bend, but holds its shape well.
  • Dead soft. This type of wire is extremely malleable. It is very easy to bend, but it will generally not hold its shape well, even at a medium gauge.
  • Half-hard. This is your ‘go-to? option if in doubt. It is the most commonly used type of wire. It is relatively easy to bend, but not as malleable as dead soft wire. It holds its shape reasonably well, though not as well as hard wire. This is the type you should start with as a beginner.

Coated vs. Non-Coated Wire

Finally, one last note on coated wire is necessary and often overlooked in beginner’s guides. The majority of the wire you will find for sale has some kind of tarnish-resistant coating on it. This is great if you want your wire to stay shiny without polishing. It is however not desirable if you are planning to let your wire tarnish and take on a patina for an aged look. Coated wire will basically never tarnish, and no amount of effort will get you through that coating. So be mindful of what you are purchasing.

Beads and Stones

You will also need something to wrap! Strings of beads will not be as helpful to you as they are to other jewelers, unless you plan to do a lot of large elaborate pieces. One great starter supply is a box or bag of ‘extra? beads. Many stores sell these loose beads at bulk discount prices.

The beads are often large enough to wrap, and because of the nature of your art, you do not necessarily need a lot of matching beads. You can get a pretty big bag of these for around $5.00. They are great for pendants. Strings of beads will be most helpful for bracelets, crowns, necklaces, and other large projects. You will also need matching beads for earrings.

Gemstones are wonderful centerpieces to wrap. Wrapped gemstones are beautiful to behold, and are also very attractive to buyers. You can wrap pretty much any gemstone if you are careful, even those that are liable to flake apart (like mica, danburite, and so forth). Quartz, agate, obsidian, tiger’s eye, petrified wood, and many other gemstones look beautiful wire wrapped.

Tumbled stones are easier to wrap than rough-cut stones, but both can have a wonderful effect. Stones with holes bored through their centers are easiest to work with, as are flattened stones. Round stones pose extra challenges.

Optional Extras

  • Sandpaper. You are going to have some loose ends of wire on your pieces. Most of the time you can simply tuck these out of the way, which will prevent them from scratching a wearer. You can optionally sand these down with sandpaper to smooth them out.
  • Liver of sulfur. This cool chemical compound reacts with metal to provide a nice tarnish. It works in a matter of minutes, and can make your pieces look antiqued. Great for bringing out texture and providing a different look.
  • Hammer. A jewelry hammer and anvil set can be used to flatten wire. This again provides a different look and texture to a piece.

Now you have a complete guide to wire wrapping supplies. You can find most of these supplies at a jewelry supply shop or online. Two pairs of pliers should run you around $20 to $30. Starting beads should cost about $5 if you find one of the aforementioned bags of extras. The cost for wire can range quite a bit, depending on how many yards come in a spool, what material you are purchasing, and whether there are fancy color coatings or not.

Expect to pay around $5 to $7 for most spools of copper wire (color-coated or not). Sterling silver, gold, and other materials may be more expensive. It is best to start out with copper wire for your first few pieces. It is less expensive, and will be more suitable for the learning curve. As you progress, you may decide to invest in more expensive wire wrapping supplies. In our next installments, we will teach you what you can wrap and introduce you to some starting techniques.

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What Can You Wrap and What Can You Make’Balthasar Craft Wire Pendant Onyx

If you have already read our previous installments in this series, you know something about the history of wire wrapping as well as the supplies that you will need to get started. One topic I brought up briefly in the previous installment on supplies was what kinds of stones and objects you can wrap. I would like to go into a little more detail on that subject, as well as talk about the different types of projects you can work on when you start wire wrapping.

What Objects Can You Wrap’

One of the wonderful things about wire wrapping is its versatility. You can literally wrap just about any object in wire successfully. It is largely a matter of perseverance, carefulness, and cleverness. Some objects will present you with less difficulty than others.

In general, objects which are flatter are easier to wrap than objects which are more rounded. Objects which have a hole through the center are easier to wrap than those which do not, since you may pass a wire through the hole, which gives you a stabilizing point for your piece (this is one reason it is easier to start wrapping large beads than stones if your stones have no holes). One more general guideline is to wrap objects which are strong, though breakable objects can also be wrapped if you are careful and do not use wire which is too strong.

Good objects for beginners thus include:

  • Beads. Larger glass and resin beads can serve as focal points for pendants and other jewelry items. You also can make pieces without focal points and simply focus on the wirework (these will always be ‘freeform? pieces’more on that later).
  • Hard, smooth stones that either 1-have a hole through the center, or 2-are flatter rather than rounder.
  • Sea glass. Sea glass is usually not too brittle, and the flatter nature of the glass tends to make it an easy beginner wrap.
  • Keys. These days pieces which feature antique keys are very popular. Keys are also relatively easy to wrap.

More challenging ideas might include:

  • Rounder stones, gemstones which are less durable and tend to flake (mica, danburite, etc.), or gemstones without a hole in the center.
  • Other materials such as small pieces of driftwood which may break if you are not careful. Shells are another very challenging object to wrap, since they chip apart almost effortlessly’but they can make beautiful wire wrapped jewelry. Again, you can literally wrap almost anything that is the right size for a finished piece. Any small object which has value (aesthetic, sentimental, or both) can be turned into a piece of wearable art with wire wrapping.

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Project Ideas for Wire WrappingWire wrapped earrings

What are all the different types of finished projects you can make with wire wrapping’

Most applications are jewelry, but as you will see, a few are not. Here are a few things to consider learning how to make:


  • Pendants. Most newbies will choose to make pendants as their initial projects. Pendants are smaller, simpler projects. Even very elaborate pendants will take up less material and time than a simple bracelet or necklace. Unlike with earrings, there is no need to worry about symmetry. The focal piece of a pendant can inspire you as well. Many artists allow the focal piece to determine the direction of the entire pendant. Pendants can be strung on chains, cords, or ribbons, or you can learn to wire wrap chains from scratch. Most gemstone projects will be pendants.
  • Earrings. Earrings are another project which will not use up a lot of material, which makes them another good starter project. They introduce the challenge of symmetrical design. If you purchase gemstone beads, you can make earrings which match pendants so that you can wear or sell a set.
  • Ear cuffs. An ear cuff is a good project if you want to avoid dealing with symmetrical design, but still make something for the ear (if you don’t know what this is, just Google it’and think back to the 80s). It is wise to follow a tutorial for your first design so that you can learn how to make something which will fit many different ears.
  • Bracelets. There are several different techniques for making wire wrapped bracelets. This is a slightly larger project.
  • Necklaces and chokers. There are a number of approaches for these types of projects as well. They will use a great deal more wire and beads than the other projects listed here.
  • Headpieces, crowns, tiaras, etc. Wire-wrapped headpieces are perhaps some of the most challenging projects you can approach. These present a number of difficulties. They take up a great deal of wire and beads to make, and they also must set on the head in such a way that they will not fall off. Further, they must not catch on the hair (or at least not too much to cause inconvenience).

Wire Sculpture

While the majority of wire wrapped projects are jewelry-related (especially those which use gemstones), you can also make sculpture projects out of wire and beads. The sky is the limit here. Anything which you can dream up, you can potentially craft. Sculptures may be entirely abstract, or they may be designed to resemble something, for example maybe an animal.

The most common wire sculpture projects are usually trees made by wrapping large bundles of wire together for the trunk, and them separating them in stages to form the branches and the roots. Beads can be used to represent leaves or flowers. These decorative items can look nice around the house.

A Word on Planned vs. Free-form Design

As with any art form, there are a number of schools of thought on how to approach a project. At one end of the scale, there are wire wrappers who plan every element of a project before they get started. They may draw up diagrams of pieces before making them, and may follow step-by-step plans to create orderly pieces. The majority of wire wrap artists fall close to this end of the spectrum.

On the opposite end of the spectrum are free-form wire wrappers. These designers may or may not draft a plan before they approach a piece. They may or may not follow step-by-step techniques for elements of their pieces, and they may or may not be seeking an orderly effect. Pieces designed with by a freeform hand typically feature less symmetry, or no symmetry, and more of a flowing, organic design.

Instead of focusing on learning specific methods for doing things, these designers come up with their own solutions for each gemstone or object that they wrap, with the goal of keeping it in place and producing an aesthetically pleasing result. More on that in our next installment on basic techniques and tips and tricks for wrapping.

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Basic Wire-Wrapping TechniquesWire Wrapped Ammonite Pendant

‘I just bought all this wire and these beads and pliers. Now what do I do with them’? This is probably what you are thinking if you have just brought home your first wire-wrapping supplies.’You may look at pictures of wire-wrapped pieces online and wonder how you can ever go from where you are at to creating beautiful gemstone jewelry.

Wire wrapping is not all that complex, though. Much of it is learning how to do a few simple things, and then combine those techniques to create original pieces.

It is helpful to know first off what to do with large, medium, and small gauges of wire.

  • Medium-gauge wire (20-22). This is probably the type of wire you will use for most applications. This type of wire is bendable, but can hold its shape relatively well. You can make whole pieces out of medium gauge wire if you want.
  • Large-gauge wire (16-18). This type of wire is best for either frameworks or for findings. Bend this type of wire into basic, simple shapes. For example, you can use this to make the basic shape of a cuff bracelet, and then wrap medium or small gauge wire inside to form the ornamentation. Or you can use large-gauge wire to make the circular framework for a tree of life pendant (a very popular type of pendant these days), and then use the smaller wire to make the tree inside.
  • Small-gauge wire (24-28). This very fine wire can be used to do small, detailed work or hold larger wires together, but it does not hold its shape well. You can make whole pieces out of it, but it is very tricky, and the results will be very delicate. It is best to use this type of wire to embellish your pieces and hold them together.


One of the first things it is helpful to learn is how to coil wire. Hopefully you have medium- and small-gauge wire, for example, say 20 and 26. Cut a piece of the 20-gauge wire to work with, and then cut a much longer piece of the 26-gauge wire. Hold both pieces of wire in your hands, and then loop the 26-gauge wire around the 20-gauge wire, pulling it tight around. Keep looping the fine wire around the larger one, and you will achieve the coiled look that you see on so many wire wrapped pieces. This is an easy way to make a piece look elaborate and detailed.

Another thing you can do once you have finished coiling the 26-gauge wire around the 20-gauge wire is coil that wire around another one. You can generally just use another 20-gauge wire for this purpose. Wrap the wire you have just finished around the new 20-gauge wire in the exact same way you wrapped the 26-gauge around the first 20-gauge. The result looks incredibly ornate and technical, but as you can see, it was quite simple to achieve.

While you are learning how to coil, you will probably discover that there are many simple variations on coiling which you can use to create different effects. For example, instead of bunching your coils tightly together, you can coil more loosely. If you have multiple colours of wire, you can hold two small-gauge wires together and coil them simultaneously around a medium-gauge to create a striped effect, and so on.

There are many other techniques for wire wrapping you can learn about if you search for tutorials online. While text may be enough for you to understand how to coil wire, images can help. Other techniques like wire weaving are almost impossible to describe without the aid of images. Tutorials are a great starting point if you feel lost, and many are available for free. You can also learn a lot through sheer experimentation. So don’t be afraid to dive in and see what you can discover. You may even end up inventing techniques which nobody else has ever used before.

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General Tips for Wire WrappingWire wrapped danburite pendant

When you are wrapping, keep in mind the following principles of design:

  • Structural integrity. When you are wrapping a gemstone, your primary concern should be to close all loopholes so that the stone cannot ‘escape.? If you have any openings which are wide enough for the stone to dislodge, it may fall out of your framework and be lost. Many new wrappers use a very basic technique for wrapping their stones (look up ‘basic wire wrapping pendant tutorial? and you should find plenty of instructions) to close their loopholes. If however you are a free-form wrapper, you will discover many innovative strategies for closing loopholes. These techniques may result in a pendant that is as beautiful as it is functional.
  • Aesthetics. Obviously you want your creation to be a beautiful one. Just as you can often create lovely results by accident while focusing on the practical aspects of design, oftentimes while focusing on aesthetics you will find yourself closing loopholes intuitively. Think about pleasing shapes and patterns, colours which complement, and enjoy letting your creativity take you on a journey.
  • Weight and dimensions. While focusing on structure and aesthetics, it is easy to lose track of what you are doing in terms of weight and measurements. Wire-wrapped pieces are often whimsical and extravagant, but you will usually have an easier time selling more pragmatically sized pieces. Furthermore, weight and balancing can be quite important, especially for earrings.

Now you know some of the basic techniques of wire wrapping. If you haven’t yet reviewed the other sections of our guide, have a look to learn about supplies and the history of this fun and affordable form of wearable art. Enjoy your first forays into the world of wire wrapping, and do not be discouraged if you have a hard time at first. All art takes patience to learn, and once you find your own creative spark, you will be able to craft beautiful one-of-a-kind jewelry creations!

Kyla Cardinalis has been wire wrapping jewelry for over three years, and loves to share her knowledge and enthusiasm for handmade jewelry with others. ‘You may visit her on Etsy at’

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How to Wear Diamonds: Etiquette Essentials – Gemstones Advisor

How to Wear Diamonds: Etiquette Essentials

diamond does not tolerate commonness and routineWhenever you are going to put on a particular jewelry pieceencrusted with diamonds, you should give thought to the overall style of your outfit. For example, wearing a diamond necklace requires an unambiguous attire. Even a blouse and a skirt or a suit that seems beautiful to you won’t be a match for it. The only appropriate item is a dress. Although it may be a little boring, an austere-styled black dress would be a classic option. In any case, you should realize that the necklace will dominate in the ensemble. Your outfit shouldplace emphasis on its dazzling shine.

Being a truly luxurious gemstone, diamond does not tolerate commonness and routine. Therefore, you shouldn’t wear such jewelry on a daily basis like a regular accessory. If you still want to admire the brilliance of the ornament, as a last resort you can wear earrings with tiny gems or a thin ring with a single diamond.

Also, remember that you should not wear diamond jewelry before 5 pm. After all, it is in the evening, at sunset, when this gem will appear in all its beauty.

It is most appropriate to wear ornaments encrusted with diamonds when you visit receptions, evening meetings, wedding ceremonies, or cocktail parties. It is at such events where the preciousness of the diamond will emphasize the importance of the occasion.

When picking diamond jewelry everyone should consider their age, peculiarities of the figure and even a particular social status. For example, the history of the diamond etiquette states that maidens used to be banned from wearing this gem. They would receive such an expensive gift from the groom only after the wedding. However, the current fashion became more liberal as to obeying this rule. Young girls may well put on small pendant earrings, a miniature ring of white gold with a tiny diamond, a small brooch or a modest pendant with a single gem. Yet more massive or intricate jewelry with large diamonds should be worn only by mature women. Such designs will especially suit medium-built and curvy women.

Young girls may well put on a miniature ring of white gold with a tiny diamondYou shouldn’t wear diamonds with parti-colored clothes, jeans, tank tops, T-shirts and other casual items. The luster of the stone can simply blend with the background of the everyday things. You shouldn’t also combine diamond jewelry and bijouterie. No matter how beautiful and high quality the latter is, it will look ridiculous mixed with the exquisite jewel.

If you decide to wear more than one jewelry piece after all, mind that the stones in different compositions should be of about the same size to create a harmonious image. It is acceptable to put on a pendant, a bracelet and earrings at the same time, but the combination can become dazzling in the proper sense of the word. A ring-bracelet-earrings or pendant-ring-bracelet combination may be another option. In any case, each of these jewelry pieces should be miniature and modest. Wearing a brooch with a necklace is viewed as bad manners.

Diamonds are not usually worn to business meetings. Yet if you think that it can highlight how earnest and presentable you are, you may wear miniature ornaments with a few small diamonds or a single diamond. For example, you can go for stud earrings with tiny gems, a neat thin ring or a modest chain with a small pendant of no more than 1.5 cm. You should keep in mind that massive jewelry with large gems, diamond bracelets, too massive earrings, necklaces or brooches are a no-no. Ornaments shaped like the signs of the zodiac are also inappropriate.

You should try to pick and wear diamond jewelry in such a way that it emphasizes your individuality and your beauty instead of being just a garish accessory.


What Are Black Diamonds?

What Are Black Diamonds?

Everyone used to think of diamonds as white (or colorless) and sparkly. In recent years colored diamonds have started to become more popular. Rightly so as they are far rarer and, depending on your taste, more beautiful than the ‘regular? white diamond.

However very recently a new type of diamond has started to appear in magazines and jewelry stores: black diamonds. But what are black diamonds, are they real diamonds or something else’

Black Diamonds are Real DiamondsRough black diamond

They might not look like a diamond when you first see one, they don’t display and of the sparkle diamonds are known for. They look black because a black diamond absorbs light and doesn’t refract it like other diamonds do.

The reason for this is that black diamonds have a structure known as ‘polycrystalline’. Which basically means a number of crystals have been mashed together to form a new crystal.

This makes it very hard for light to travel through the crystal and causes the black color.

Because a black diamond has a polycrystalline structure it is usually more porous than other types of diamonds and is more difficult to cut. Another name for a black diamond is carbonado.

How are They Formed’

There are several theories about how black diamonds were formed and all of them have problems explaining the evidence.

The first theory is that it is simply a naturally occurring crystal, just like other diamonds. The problem is that if this is true why are black diamonds only found in several places in the world (mostly Brazil and in Central Africa)’

Another theory is that they can be created when a meteorite impacts the earth. However, other diamonds created in this way have a certain type of crystal in their structure. Black diamonds do not.

The latest theory is that black diamonds were not created on the earth, but were created in a supernova or an asteroid impact on another planet.

However none of these theories can explain everything and so the verdict is still out on this.

Black Diamonds Value

A decade ago they were quite cheap as mostly researchers and collectors were interested in black diamonds. However a recent marketing campaign has put the black diamond in the spotlight and prices have risen sharply. Nowadays they are sold for prices comparable to white diamonds.

Buying Black Diamonds

Black diamonds while lacking sparkle can still look amazing. Especially when you combine them with white diamonds. However, there is something you should keep in mind when looking for the perfect piece of jewelry.

A large number of black diamonds that are on the market today are not in fact real black diamonds (called carbonado). They are treated diamonds and are usually very dark green or dark brown diamonds. This is actually a blessing in disguise, as real black diamonds are difficult to cut and can be more brittle than other diamonds.

Always ask the dealer if you are buying a natural black diamond or an enhanced one. If they don’t know the answer to that and aren’t willing to find that out for you, you should take your business elsewhere.